First time buyer guide
Stamp Duty Explained
What Is Stamp Duty?
It’s a land tax you must pay when buying property that costs over £125,000 in England or Northern Ireland. The rates differ according to the type of property you purchase and its price. The tax is calculated using a ‘rate bands’ system which is applied to the portion of purchase price that falls within each band.
This table illustrates standard Stamp Duty rates:
|Property Purchase Price||Stamp Duty % Rate (applied to the portion of purchase price)|
|Portion from £125,001 to £250,000||
|Portion from £250,001 to £925,000||
|Portion from £925,001 to £1.5 million||
|Portion above £1.5 million||
So for example, imagine you’re buying a house that costs £500,000:
- Below £125K you pay nothing: £0
- Between £125,001 and £250,000 you pay a 2% rate: £2,500
- Between £250,001 and £500,000 you pay a 5% rate: £12,500
- Your total Stamp Duty cost would add up to £15,000
Stamp Duty for First-Time Buyers
There’s good news for first-time buyers purchasing a house (in England or Northern Ireland) worth up to 500K: you pay zero pounds on the first £300K, and a 5% rate on the proportion between £300,001 and £500,000.
Take a look at the figures below where we use the example in the previous section to show you how Stamp Duty works out for first-time buyers:
Example – Home price: £500,000
- Up to £300,000 you pay 0%: £0
- Between £300,001 and £500,000 you pay a 5% rate: £10,000
- Total Stamp Duty sum: £10,000
So basically, first-time buyers would be saving £5,000 on Stamp Duty, a sum not to be sniffed at, in comparison to other buyers on the purchase of a home worth £500,000.
But bear in mind that if you purchase a property worth over £500K, standard rates (see the table above) will apply.
It’s also worth noting that from 29 October 2018 first-time buyers purchasing a shared ownership home will also benefit from this relief and rates. The change will be backdated to 22 November 2017, so any first-time buyers who paid Stamp Duty since then can claim it back.
When to Pay Stamp Duty
Once your contracts are signed and you have the keys to your new property, you must pay this tax within a 30-day period. If you don’t, you’ll be fined. It’s your legal responsibility to make sure your taxes are paid, although your solicitor will take care of this one as it’s usually part of their duties to do so.
Since Stamp Duty will certainly be one of the most important expenses you’ll have to face in the home buying process, it’s crucial to add it to your budget to avoid any nasty surprises. And remember to use the ‘View my plan’ section of our app to keep track of all the costs you’re likely to incur.